Work, at least
initially, with a broad definition of
Focus on what is said.
Remember that themes frequently come from prior research and are
often refined and supplemented by work on the selected
Remember also that the narrative materials are often used to
confirm, exemplify, illustrate, and explore these prior
Focus on the individual text as a whole. Even if you are working
with multiple narratives/cases, you should work on each text as a
whole – after close
reading of the individual text, you can then move on to explore
themes across texts.
You might want to use
a template structured as a table (in many instances you will be
working with just one narrative text/case). This is useful both as
a data organization and presentation aid. For